With a distinctive style characterised by satirical images and sharp wit, British street artist Banksy has firmly become one of contemporary art's most famous and enigmatic figures.
Whilst Banksy's true identity remains a mystery, the artist has gained international attention for his provocative artworks and for pulling off some of the most creative public stunts in history. Here are five of our favourites so far.....
Walled Off Hotel (2017)
In 2017, the artist opened the Walled Off Hotel in Bethlehem, a Palestinian territory within the West Bank.
According to their website the hotel "offers a warm welcome to people from all sides of the conflict and across the world."
The hotel features artworks of the artist himself and several other international artists. The artworks inside the hotel reflect the hotel's theme: the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Indeed, the hotel is a satirical vision of luxury, complete with an art gallery, a "stress-relieving" spa, and a museum dedicated to the history of the conflict.
Love Is In The Bin (2019)
In 2006 Banksy created a painting of a girl holding a balloon (called 'Love Is In The Air'). The image quickly became one of the artist's most iconic visual motifs.
But in 2019, something unexpected happened: during an auction of the work at Sotheby's in London the painting essentially self-destructed, shredding itself into pieces right before the audience's eyes.
It is still unclear exactly why the painting destroyed itself. Some believe that it was an intentional statement by Banksy on the fleeting nature of the art world. Others think that self-destruction was a malfunction that was never intended to happen.
The incident made headlines around the world and sparked debate about the very definition of art. Some people praised Banksy for his creativity, whilst others accused him of destroying a work of art that future generations could have enjoyed.
Regardless, the newly created artwork (which subsequently has now become known as 'Love Is In The Bin') provides a fascinating example of how art can transcend its physical form.
The $60 Pop-Up Sale in New York City (2013)
Another on the list is Banksy's 2013 pop-up street sale in New York, where the artist sold his work on a street stand for just $60 each.
Many of the works sold were signed by Banksy himself, making them all the more valuable to collectors.
The stunt was a brilliant commentary on the commodification of art. By setting up a stand in Central Park and selling his work for an affordable price, Banksy was providing a wonderfully simple satirical commentary on the nature of pricing within the art market.
At the same time, Banksy also managed to subvert the traditional art market by making his work accessible to a broader audience.
In 2015 Banksy created Dismaland, a self-proclaimed "bemusement park" in a derelict seaside resort in England. The park was open for just five weeks, but it attracted over 150,000 visitors from all over the world. As described, "This is a theme park like no other."
Dismaland was a dark and satirical take on traditional amusement parks, with attractions that included a decrepit Cinderella Castle and a Department of Health-themed "hall of fame" honouring famous serial killers.
In addition to its sardonic themes, Dismaland also featured spooky and controversial artworks by some of the biggest names in the street art world, including Swoon, Shepard Fairey, and Damien Hirst.
As one of Banksy's most ambitious projects in scale, through satire the event sought to highlight the modern world's misfortune.
From environmental destruction to war, poverty, and inequality, Dismaland attempted to expose visitors to the dark side of society in a unique and appealing way.
Love Is In The Air (2003)
Another of Banksy's famous work of Banksy is a mural painting, "Love Is In The Air (Flower Thrower)." The image depicts a masked figure in mid-throw, with a bouquet replacing the traditional Molotov cocktail.
Many interpreted the work as a statement against violence, with the flowers representing hope and beauty in the midst of destruction. Others saw it as a cynical commentary on the futility of protests, with the flowers eventually wilting and dying just like all other organic matter.
Many believe that what makes this work powerful is its ability to capture the violence and emotion of protest whilst simultaneously also offering a glimpse of hope. And by bringing these two elements together, Banksy created a hugely forceful visual narrative.